Mexican Symbols

Mexican symbols make their people proud. The official Mexican symbols according to the Ministry of Interior Affairs (Secretaria de Gobernacion) are the flag, the coat of arms and the national anthem. These symbols are well respected by Mexicans because through education they are part of their identity, and they represent Mexico's values, culture and history.

The Mexican Flag

The Mexican Flag The Mexican Flag

The flag has three equally divided vertical sections in green, white and red colors.

The current design was adopted on September 16th, 1968 and confirmed by law on February 24, 1984.

While the meaning of the colors has change over time, according to Mexican history, the original meaning is:

  • Green for the hope of the insurgency movement for independence
  • White for the purity of religion, and
  • Red for the Spanish group supporting liberty.

The current meaning of the colors are:

  • Green for hope,
  • White for unity and
  • Red for the blood of the national heroes.

The Coat of Arms

Mexico's Coat of Arms Mexico's Coat of Arms

According to the official history of Mexico, the coat of arms of Mexico was inspired by an Aztec legend on how Tenochtitlan was founded.

The Aztecs, then a nomadic tribe, were wandering throughout Mexico in search of a divine sign that would indicate the precise spot where they were to build their capital. The symbol they were looking for was an eagle eating a snake.

Mexico's National Anthem

Mexican Anthem Chorus Mexican Anthem Chorus

The National Anthem of Mexico was officially adopted in 1943. The lyrics of the national anthem, which allude to Mexican victories in the heat of battle and cries of defending the homeland, were composed by poet Francisco González Bocanegra in 1853. In 1854, Jaime Nunó arranged the music which now accompanies the poem.

The anthem consisting of ten stanzas and a chorus, entered into use on September 16, 1854. From 1854 until its official adoption, the lyrics underwent several modifications due to political changes in the country.


The Mexican symbols are used in official celebrations and wherever Mexicans like to share their patriotic feelings such as in sporting events. It doesn't matter where Mexicans are, if they see the flag, the coat of arms or listen to the National Anthem, they respond with pride and loyalty.




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